Gran quantitat de satèl·lits geoestacionaris estan il·luminant la terra amb senyals de televisió digital transmesos a la banda de freqüències de microones. Aquests senyals es poden fer servir en una configuració de radar biestàtic per a observar la superfície del mar, com ha demostrat recentment el nostre grup de recerca. La detecció de pluja també podria ser possible.
Les tasques que s'han de dur a terme, així com el pla de treball són els següents:
Planificació i preparació del set-up de l'experiment per a detectar senyals de TV digital satel·lital reflectit en clusters de pluja. Per a aquesta tasca es faran servir els instruments existents i desenvolupats pel nostre grup de recerca. El muntatge de les antenes receptores es farà preferentment al terrat de l'edifici de l'Institut de Ciències de l'Espai. S'adquiriran els senyals quan hi hagi un esdeveniment de pluja. En paral·lel es contribuirà al desenvolupament de programari per a processar i analitzar els senyals rebuts. Finalment es processaran els senyals rebuts i s'analitzarà si s'ha pogut detectar pluja.
The Institute of Space Studies of Catalonia (IEEC), and the Institute of Space Sciences (ICE-CSIC) are participating in numerous space missions managed by the European Space Agency. One of the common points between all the missions is that the communication protocol is always the same, the so-called CCSDS / PUS: (https://ecss.nl/standard/ecss-e-st-70-41c-space-engineering-telemetry-and-telecommand-packet-utilization-15-Apr-2016 /).
Although the protocol is the same, the messages and commands are different for each mission, so repetitive work is always done. All software elements involved in communication must end up implementing this message. The idea is to have a common tool that allows message generation as well as export in multiple languages (python, c, c ++ ..) and export to interface documents.
The Institute of Space Studies of Catalonia (IEEC), and the Institute of Space Sciences (ICE-CSIC) are participating in numerous space missions managed by the European Space Agency as well as participating in the control and exploitation of infrastructure ground and telescopes.
One of the currently collaborating missions is PLATO (https://sci.esa.int/web/plato), whose purpose is to study planetary systems of other stars. Specifically, this TFG proposal is linked with what is called PLATO follow up, that is, all subprojects that will support or provide mission data. One of the parts that is just beginning to be studied is how to coordinate various types of ground telescopes, in order to make observations of the systems when the satellite gives the warning.
This control system must be smart enough so that, given the characteristics of the satellite's grandfather, the best telescope was chosen, taking into account the tasks already assigned to the telescope, meteorological data from each location, characteristics of the telescope sensors. CSIC-IEEC is currently developing these kinds of controls using algorithms such as genetic evolution to find the best telescope planning. However, there is nothing on the table for such a heterogeneous control. The student should study the case, see what modifications to the current solutions need to be made to adapt it to the new scenario, and if so, to propose innovative solutions based on other strategies within Machine Learning
The Institute of Space Studies of Catalonia (IEEC), and the Institute of Space Sciences (ICE-CSIC) are specialized, among other things, in the robotization and automation of telescopes. The ICE building on the UAB campus has a rooftop telescope that is intended to be a laboratory for the improvement of these systems. Currently its control is partial and manual, although there is a base made some time ago based on ROS v1.0. In this project the student is proposed to contribute to the robotic telescope development line by adapting the current software to ROS 2.0 (https://index.ros.org/doc/ros2/). If successful with ROS 2.0, the student is expected to be able to continue the project by developing a control interface via websockets, for example, which allows remote control of astronomical telescopes.
The student will have to do the analysis, design, implementation, and tests of the system he designs by himself, with the help of the ICE teams and with their inputs and suggestions.